TAPPI JOURNALVol. 57, No.8
August 2003 Abstracts
Total Automation System for Paper Making Plant
Yaskawa Siemens Automation & Drives Corp. System design group
"Open Networks", "Multimedia", "IT", all these
are keywords to describe the recent trends in the automation of production facilities,
which have provided for a more centralized management of complete plants. In
the paper industry, Distributed Control Systems (DCS), Quality Control Systems
(QCS), Drive Systems, and Maintenance Management Systems, are widely used, each
of these being delivered by specialized vendors.
This multitude of systems with different hardware, software and diverse engineering
tools constrict the efficient use of resources in running a paper plant.
Siemens demonstrated a way to solve these issues by providing a complete automation
system based on a unified hardware base and only one kind of HMI. Yaskawa Siemens
has developed technologies to support maintenance and diagnosis of equipment
in the paper industry by remote monitoring systems via telephone or ADSL-connection.
Operating Results of New TWINDRUMTM Pulping Concept at SP Newsprint Co., Newberg,
Engineering & Development Division, Voith IHI Paper technology Co., Ltd.
In 2000, an order was placed by SP Newsprint to replace their wash deinking
process with a state of the art deinking line. VOITH PAPER supplied the entire
scope of equipment needed for the rebuild. The plant is designed to produce 550
BDMTPD of finished pulp. The raw material is made up of 80% old newsprint and
20% old magazine. The system was successfully started up in September 2001.
A key role within the recycled fiber plant is attributed to the pulping stage.
The pulping stage initiates the recycling process. Goals are to disintegrate
the paper, without damaging the fiber and to release the printing ink and coating
from the fiber surfaces. Another important requirement is that paper impurities
remain as large as possible in size to facilitate an effective and early removal.
The pulping module installed at SP Newsprint meets all those requirements by
utilizing the new TwinDrum? drum pulper concept.
Application of OptiDwell Shoe Nip Calender
Matti Lares, Stefan Kuni and Martti Tuomist
Metso Paper Inc.
Metso Paper KK
Metso Paper has developed OptiDwell shoe nip calender which enables achievement
of long dwell time, reduction of compression pressure and coutour calendering
with extremely soft belt. This technology is based on Valmet shoe press and soft
calender technologies. The first OptiDwell was started up to produce coated liquid
packaging boards and coated white top liner boards at Korsnas PM5 in Sweden in
1994. Bulk saving and improvement of surface qualities of boards were easily
achieved with OptiDwell. The second OptiDwell was started up at Korsnas PM4 in
2000. Two other OptiDwell were also delivered to other customers and started
Metso paper has studied various kinds of applications of OptiDwell. OptiDwell
is applicable not only for a final calender but also for a precalender. Pilot
test results proved the effectiveness of new application of OptiDwell as a precalender
for high-quality coated boards.
A New Pulping Method for Non-wood Resources for the Purpose of Lightening the
Loading to Environment
Kyoji Suzuki and Kayoko Hoshino
Tetsuo Ide, Takefumi Ide, Kiyoshi Yoda and Tsutomu Hiyoshi
Taizen Co., Ltd
The soft pressure type kneading machine(New Taizen) which has been used as useful
deinking machine was attempted to use as a new instrument for the pulping of
non-wood resources. This new pulping method is expected to lighten the loading
to environment in comparison with traditional alkaline chemical pulping. We applied
it to the straws.
It was revealed that this new pulping method is hopeful for the straws, especially
for a rice straw. Although some shives (fiber bundles) were found in the treated
pulp, they may be separated into individual fibers by subsequent refining and
bleaching or by higher alkali addition.
High Density & Continuous Pulping "KNEADINGPULPER"
Industrial Machinery Dept, Nippon Sharyo Co., Ltd.
The quality deterioration of raw materials caused by a rise of used paper recycling
rate brings about new problems that its processing plant becomes complicated
and its energy consumption increases. "How should an environmentally friendly
pulper be?" we approached the essence of pulping and have developed the
high density and continuous pulping "KNEADINGPULPER" which assures
an excellent recycling performance of used paper. The equipment consists of a
long cylindrical tab and a multistage rotor provided in it. Raw materials supplied
from its top are pulped with a high density while they are descending. They are
kneaded to disperse printing ink at the lower part and continuously discharged
through a screw feeder. The equipment could have following advantages, because
of "Lower kneading speed" and "No vertical circulation of raw
materials", which are not in the past.
Charge Management through Process Analyzers
Jukka Nokelainen and Takeshi Sato
Metoso Automation, Field Systems Division
Modern automation solutions for papermaking wet end is a nice example how to
utilize process analyzer as part of the machine controls. By wet end management
we aim to have stable total and ash consistencies, drainage properties of the
headbox suspension, and basic chemistry in paper machine short circulation. Stability
is very important, because it´s directly connected to paper machine runnability
as well as to quality of produced paper. The level and variation of charge have
a considerable effect on process status and operation. On-line charge measurement
provides valuable information about the wet end chemistry of the paper machine.
It is possible to perform charge contgrol based on measurement by charge analyzer
kajaaniCATi. The control provides many benefits for the papermaker. The benefits
are process information, stability of process, runnability of papermachine and
economical and effective use of chemicals.
Advantages of Commercial Rutile Titanium Dioxide Slurry for Paper Applications
DuPont Titanium Technologies
DuPont Kabushiki Kaisha
Paper mills have used titanium dioxide to generate opacity in high quality paper
and paperboard for many years. Dry anatase pigments were used at first since
this was the only technology available. Invention of the chloride rutile process
created opportunities for new levels of performance in the paper industry. Commercial
rutile slurry was introduced over 25 years ago to the North American market and
has been continually improved. Over 95% of the titanium dioxide used in this
market is commercial slurry. More recently the use of stable paper slurries has
been growing in both Europe and Japan.
Commercial rutile slurry offers performance advantages over slurry produced
by the paper mill. High shear dispersion equipment allows optimization of the
particle size and increased light scattering. Opacity gains of 10-12% have been
demonstrated in the lab. Mill trials have confirmed even higher performance gains.
Anatase pigments have a lower refractive index and generally larger particle
size. Both attributes will contribute to lower scattering performance than a
rutile pigment. Mill trials have demonstrated over 20% reduction in pigment use
when switching from an anatase pigment to rutile.
Handling and storage of slurry products is not difficult. Proper design of the
equipment will insure trouble free operation and high product quality. Correct
addition to the paper process will maintain the high performance of the pigment.
Function Enhancement of the Paper by Surface Sizing Agents and the Mechanism
Harima Chemicals, Inc.
Surface treatment technology is one of the important roles to control the quality
of paper in papermaking process. Particularly, surface sizing agents have performances
not only to improve printability and water resistance but also to enhance surface
strength of paper. In addition, it is possible to reduce cost of total paper
chemical additives by using surface sizing agent. Since ink jet printability,
for example, feathering, print through and others, on DIP-contained PPC has been
increasingly required in the recent, it is expected to develop more effective
surface sizing agents. On the other hand, stability and solubility of surface
sizing agent in coating solution and low foaming in the papermaking process are
required to use surface sizing agent with starch or others at high temperature.
We have studied regarding printability on PPC and peel test on newsprint, and
measured the dynamic properties by dynamic liquid penetration measurement and
dynamic absorption tester on the sized papers with internal and surface sizing
agents. Thus, this paper describes the consequences of the relationship among
A Study on Blistering Resistance with Acceleration of Air Permeability (II)
Nobuhiro Matsuda, Shigeo Yamanaka, Masaaki Yada and Yoshiaki Zama
Polymer Research Laboratories, JSR Corporation
The blister of coated paper that is caused by rising water vapor pressure is
a problem in web-offset printing. However accurate experimental determination
of the blistering resistance is very difficult. Many commonly used laboratory
methods do not correlate to real press experience, and it is very expensive to
use commercial press trials for testing purposes. Therefore, predicting the blistering
tendency of coated paper is very important.
In the previous report, we reported that we developed our original air permeability
tester with which we could measure the acceleration of the air permeability (AAP)
of coated paper under high temperatures and high pressures during a short time.
And we found that AAP was strongly related to the blistering tendency of coated
In this paper, we used various commercial A2 web-offset coated papers made in
Japan, and studied on the blistering resistance. Then we found that the internal
bond of base paper and AAP that had a direction from base paper layer to coating
layer, were strongly related to the blistering tendency.
Keywords : Acceleration of air permeability, Air permeability, Internal bond,
Development Both Higher Opacity and Sheet Gloss GCC- Introduction of the FMT-OP
Recent trends have shown that the demands for Ground Calcium Carbonates (GCC)
for paper coating are steadily increasing. Among the diverse property demands
of GCC, increased Opacity and Sheet Gloss demands come to the forefront. FIMATEC,
a GCC manufacturer, has previously developed SC-95(a particle size distribution
controlled GCC). SC-95 has shown excellent properties in both gloss and picking
resistance. However, SC-95 is designed for medium-fine to medium particle size
and therefore cannot further improve sheet gloss properties.
Using SC-95 technology as a base, FIMATEC now introduces the newest development
in particle size distribution manipulation in the new OP-Series. The OP-Series
is specifically designed for medium to fine particle sizes which improves sheet
gloss. Other beneficial qualities include: improved Wet Void Volume %.
Comparison properties of OP and SC series products are shown in the following
report. All in all, OP-Series Test results show improved Sheet Gloss and Opacity
Exact Sheet Counting and New Laser Ream Marking System
Maruishi Co., Ltd., Engineering Dept.
Newly developed sheet counting device and ream laser marking system are developed
by Function Control Research B.V. These devices are very suitable to count the
number of paper and board sheet which are piled on a pallet coming from sheeter.
Conventional tape inserter for every ream in the skid can be eliminated.
Exact sheet counting system can give many advantage for the industry. This sheet
counting system with ream laser marking system has been working over 1.5 years
in commercial operation, and it is a first experience in the world.
Pest Control Activities for Quality Assurance
Earth Environmental Service Co., Research & Development
Contamination control-not only insect contaminant is one of the important activities
for quality assurance (QA) of the product and it should be based on the preventive
approach. In order to realize the effective prevention of insect contamination
in the factories, we must establish the comprehensive system including hardware,
software, and human-ware, which can solve the basic cause of contamination.
We have been introduced the tailor-made comprehensive system against contamination
to the wide variety of customer factories, which we call THC (Total Health Care)
system. The framework of our THC system is as follows. After the annual program,
we grasp an inadequacy by periodical on-site surveillance including visual inspection,
sampling, monitoring, etc. Then we analyze the results of surveillance using
statistical methods to decide the optimal action plan solving problems both existing
and potential. The short-term action plan, which basically consists of hardware,
software, and human-ware, is examined by the group discussion among factory member
and us. Once the plan is accepted, we make it clear that whose responsibility,
when/by when and where to execute, how to proceed, and why in order to make sure
the plan into execution. After verification of execution, we validate the effectiveness
of the plan by the close examination using statistical method. If the plan is
ineffective, we refine the plan or adopt the alternative one. At least twice
a year, we review and validate the annual program by the general statistical
analysis because we must make the annual program more effective for the successive
year. Continuous improvement of the comprehensive system can make the contamination
control more and more effective year by year and our THC system enables it. In
this paper we will explain the concept and procedure of our system in detail.
Web Inspection System "SmartView ICN"
COGNEX K. K., Surface Inspection System Division
COGNEX developed a new web inspection system, "SmatView ICN". This
system has following 3 advanced technologies. (1) Superior Defect Detection using
digital cameras and parallel processing, (2) Reliable Defect Identification by
over 40 defect features, (3) Unequaled Visualization. It has also snapshot function
for web formation analysis.
Acoustic Emission during the Tensile Straining of Paper from Hardwood Pulp-Effects
of Beating and Addition of Dry Strength Resin-
Tatsuo Yamauchi and Takateru Hatanaka*
Graduate school of Agriculture, Kyoto University
Acoustic emission (AE) that occurred during tensile straining of paper from
hardwood pulp with and without dry strength resin was measured and analysed to
investigate the process and mechanism of tensile deformation up to maximum load.
Maximum amplitude distribution of the AEs that occurred during the straining
manifested some changes of micro failures with increases in beating degree and
addtion level of dry strength resin. The increase in bonding area by beating
and increase in specific bonding strength by addition of the resin cause an increase
in failure of strong fiber bonds. Although almost all of micro failures that
occurred during the straining up to maximum load are attributed to those of weak
fiber bonds, some strong fiber bonds and/or fibers themselves fail just before
maximum load for the handsheets from beaten pulp. With addition of the resin,
strong fiber bonds and fibers themselves begin to fail even in mid of the plastic
Keywords: Acoustic emission, Beating, Dry strength agents, Hardwood pulp, Tensile
Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Woodfree Papers Containing
Nonwood Pulp or Deinked Pulp
Japan Science and Technology Corporation
Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo
Mitsubishi Paper Mills, Ltd.
Graduate School of Engineering, Tokai University
Center for Collaborative Research, University of Tokyo
Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo
Life cycle impact assessment for woodfree papers containing nonwood pulp (bagasse
pulp and kenaf pulp) or deinked pulp (DIP) was investigated by eight kinds of
environmental impact methods such as EPS1992, EPS2000, Eco-Point1993, Eco-Point1997,
Eco-Indicator95, Eco-Indicator99, Panel method and Distance to Target method,
based on the results of LCI (Life Cycle Inventory) analysis.
Considering the environmental impact caused by CO2 emission from biomass, the
environmental impact of woodfree paper containing DIP was smaller than that of
other kinds of woodfree paper. Not considering the environmental impact caused
by CO2 emission from biomass, the environmental impact of woodfree paper made
from 100% wood pulp was smaller than that of woodfree paper containing DIP except
Eco-Indicator99. It was evaluated by eight kinds of environmental impact methods
that the environmental impact of woodfree paper containing kenaf pulp was the
largest in four kinds of woodfree paper. In the comparison of the environmental
impacts calculated by eight kinds of environmental impact methods for four kinds
of woodfree paper, the ratio of total environmental impact of the kenaf pulp
and DIP was less than 1.8 in seven kinds of environmental impact methods except
Eco-Indicator99. It was confirmed that the environmental impact caused by CO2
emission was evaluated larger than that caused by other substances in eight kinds
of environmental impact methods, especially accounting for about 70% in six environmental
impact methods except Eco-Point1993 and Eco-Indicator99.
Keywords：Life cycle impact assessment, Woodfree paper, Bagasse pulp, Kenaf pulp,